Scott draws a distinction between two groups described from the POV of agriculturalist states…
Barbarians: hostile pastoralists who could threaten the state militarily
Savages: hunter-gatherer bands not amenable to the civilizing influence of the state.
“When Aristotle wrote of skates as tools, one imagines that he had in mind ‘savages’ and not all barbarians (for example, Persians).” (221)
I’m not so sure about that.